The island of Bali is part of Indonesia and is a province of the same country. It is made up of Bali and the smaller islands of Nusa Ceningan, Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Penida in the Coral Triangle.
Bali is situated between the Java to the West and Lombok to the East and its capital is Denpasar in the South. According to the last census in January 2014, Bali had a population of 4,225,000 which is mostly made up of Balinese Hindus.
This religious denomination accounts for a majority of 83 per cent of the population with Muslims coming in second, more information can be found at virtual-hosting.reviews which explores the matter further. Indonesia itself is a Muslim country and is the most populous nation to follow the religion of Islam in South East Asia. While religion and culture was shaped by exploration journeys and conquest, the Balinese people are mostly related to Indonesians, Malaysians and Filipinos. The culture of the Balinese people was mostly shaped by Indian, Chinese and mainly Hindu culture from antiquity.
But things changed in the age of the great naval exploration. It is thought that the first Europeans set foot on Bali in 1512, when a Portuguese expedition made it to shore after approaching from the North. This led to a series of trade missions as well as the mapping of Bali in 1512. In 1585, a Portuguese ship sank off the coast and those who survived remained in service of the local rulers of the time.
Bali continued to be a peaceful trading center until the arrival of the Dutch. With gunpowder and weapons, the Dutch subjugate the local population and took over the island to draw on the wealth generated by the spice trade. Bali was later occupied by the Japanese in World War II and it was absorbed into Greater Indonesia in 1946, after the war ended.